Despite being thousands of years old, Traditional Chinese Medicine has gradually become a widely accepted system of medicine in the western world. The principle behind it is very simple in that it believes any system that is in harmony is balanced and healthy and a system that is unbalanced is diseased and suffering.
Within this system everything is separate but must work in harmony with one another to sustain itself. If one part of this system is disturbed it will disturb and damage everything within it. This idea and its principles applies throughout life within traditional Chinese culture; family, the earth, communities as well as human beings.There are two core concepts to TCM; Qi which is the vital energy in the body and Yin and Yang which is the harmonious elements in the body. These two are the roots of Chinese medicine which everything is built upon. All of the principles and theories are based on the foundation of these two key elements.
Qi which is pronounced ‘Chee’ is the starting area of TCM. The theory believes that Qi is a universal force of energy that is everywhere. This energy flows in the earth, in everything you own that is material, through light, movement, emotions and within your body. In essence, life is Qi and in order for us to be happy and healthy within ourselves we need to keep this energy balanced. It also moves from one thing to another and can never be destroyed, it is constantly changing. This is where Yin and Yang come into TCM as they are what is used to understand and describe the changes and states of Qi.
Yin and Yang are opposites and as such as used to describe things which are the opposites of each other. Yin describes Qi in its forms of dark, cold, passive, solid and heavy and Yang acts as its opposite describing Qi as light, warm, active, weightless and aggressive. What ties the two together is that each has a small part of each other within them. If one changes, the other changes with them to adjust to each other in order to maintain complete balance.